The International Space Station (ISS) was a collaboration of five space agencies representing 15 countries. Together they took more than 10-years to create a space station approximately the size of a football field & roughly 925,000 pounds or 420,000 kilograms.
The ISS required more than 30 missions to assemble in orbit 250 miles above Earth.
The International Space Station Timeline
- January 25, 1984, President Ronald Reagan of the United States stated in his state of union address instructed NASA to build an international space station within 10-years.
- The first segment of the ISS was produced by the Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center. They called the Russian proton Zarya. The name Zarya meaning sunrise. Zarya was launched in Moscow on November 20, 1998.
- December 4, 1998, the first U.S-built segment of the ISS was launched-the first space shuttle mission.
- November 2, 2000, the first people stayed on the ISS Astronaut Bill Shepherd and cosmonauts Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev become the first crew to reside onboard the ISS; they stayed for several months.
- February 7, 2001, the U.S Lab Module Destiny added to the International Space Station. Destiny continues to be the dominant research lab for U.S shipments.
U.S Lab Module Destiny Specifications
Length: 28 feet (8.5 m)
Diameter: 14 feet (4.3 m)
Mass: 32,000 pounds (14,500 kg)
- In 2005-The United States Congress assigned the U.S portion of the International Space Station as a national laboratory. The U.S congress made the ISS an international laboratory to maximize its use for other U.S. government agencies and academic and private institutions.
- February 7, 2008, The Japanese Experiment Module called Kibo (Kibo means hope) was added to the international space station. Kibo's main focus is on space medicine, biology, Earth observations, material production, biotechnology, and communications research.
Kibo Pressurized Module Specifications
Length: 36.7 feet (11.2 m)
Diameter: 14.4 feet (4.4 m)
Mass: 35,050 pounds (15,898 kg)