Throughout time humans have dreamed about going to a different planet. Never before in history have we been able to do it, until now. So the question is now. Should we go to Mars? If we do go to the Red Planet, what should we fear and what should we know. Will humans be able to survive the harsh, frigid radioactive wasteland? Today we will find out.
What is Mars?
The red radioactive frigid planet we call Mars is the fourth planet from the sun in our solar system. Mars is named after the god of war Mars from, Roman mythology. Mars is a terrestrial planet, meaning the planet is mostly made of silicate rock and metals. Terrestrial planets have solid surfaces and atmospheres that range from thick to very thin. Earth is also a terrestrial planet. This is part of the reason why scientists want to go to Mars so badly. Mars and Earth are very similar but will cover more of that later.
Why haven't we gone to Mars?
We landed on the moon on July 20, 1969. During the Apollo era, NASA had planned on going back to the Moon. They wanted to create a moon base & go to Mars in the 1980s. But they didn't. Why? Politics. Every time a new presidential administration is elected, something ends up changing. After all, NASA is a government program. To help you understand how much control the executive branch has over NASA. Let me tell you about Richard Nixon.
In 1966 NASA received over 4% of the national budget. But at the end of the Richard Nixon administration in 1974 the budget plummeted to less than 1%.
Why we shouldn't go to Mars
Don't get me wrong; I would love to go to Mars. But when it comes to survival, going to Mars is not a good idea.
Getting to Mars will be an endeavor in itself. Mars & Earth have different orbiting schedules. By different orbiting schedules I mean, It takes Earth roughly 365 days to make one full orbit around the Sun. Mars takes 687 days, almost twice as long as Earths Orbit.
Due to the orbiting schedules, we have to reach Mars through Hohmann transfer this basically means a rocket ship will have to catch the Red Planet's orbit. With the Hohmann transfer method, it would take about 9 months to reach Mars. Then Astronauts will need to wait at least 3 months to catch Earth's orbit. The fastest mission to Mars with the Hohmann transfer would take about 21 months.
We shouldn't go to Mars because of the extreme conditions. Around the poles, temperatures can be as low as -225 degrees & in the summer it can go up to 70 degrees.
Mars has an atmosphere that is 96% carbon dioxide, 2% Argon, 2% Nitrogen & 0.15% oxygen. Not to mention, on Mars (3.711 m/s^2) gravity is 62% lower than Earth's gravity (9.807 m/s^2). Meaning astronauts will possibly face many issues with bone loss & vision. If you want to improve your high jump instantly, go to Mars.
Once astronauts land Mars, they will be exposed to radiation every time they leave the ship from the surface of Mars. The solar minimum on Mars surface has an average of 30 µSv per hour. On Earth, we would have a lot of radiation, but our ozone layer protects us. A little sidebar: we need to take better care of Earth before we think about going to Mars. Mars does have an ozone layer, but Earth's is a better fit for humans.
The mental agony they are likely to suffer from living for so long in isolation, and much their time in zero to little gravity is a recipe for disaster. Personally, I can't be around the same person for a week every day without at least arguing once, let alone being on a planet 43.635 million miles from Earth. Don't call me crazy many studies have been done, and so far none have been successful when humans are around each other for long periods of time, problems occur.
Mars Compared to Earth
Earth and Mars are very similar, but they have more differences than similarities. Earth & Mars are both terrestrial planets. Even though Mars & Earth are both terrestrial planet's that doesn't mean they have the same mass & radius.
Earth is bigger and has a mass of 5.972 x 10^24 kg & radius of 3.958.8 miles compared to Mars, which has a mass of 6.39 x 10^ 23 kg with a radius of 2,106.1 miles. If none of these numbers makes sense to you, it basically says Mars is roughly half the size of Earth.
Why is Mars so Cold?
Mar is 141 million mi. from the sun, unlike Earth which is only 93 million mi. Due to Mars being farther away from the sun, it's much colder. Earth has an average temperature of 57 degrees Fahrenheit; Mars has an average of -81 degrees Fahrenheit. If you like ice fishing, you should catch some Martians. However, the red planet is strange. Things can't become much weirder for the red planet Mars because it's colder than Antarctica, and dryer than the Sahara Desert or should I say "Dessert, saw what I did there the Sahara Desert."
Mountain on Mars
Mars has a mountain called Olympus Mons, which is 14 miles tall. That's twice the size of Mount Everest (5.5mi). Recently, evidence has hinted to volcanic lava being on the Red Planet, meaning Olympus Mons may be still active.
Mars two moons
Mars has two moons. Phobos (fear) & Deimos (dread). In Greek Mythology, Phobos & Deimos are the sons of the god of war Ares (Mars), and they aid him in combat. Phobos is spiraling inward at a rate of 1.8 centimeters per year; this is called a doomed moon. Meaning in 50 million years it will either crash into Mars or turn into a ring of rubble. Unlike Earth's moon. Earth's moon or Luna as the Romans called her would only eventually stop orbiting Earth because every year she goes further from Earth.
Conclusion: The Red Planet & Earth
Mars & Earth are both terrestrial planets
Mars is the fourth planet from the sun in our solar system.
Mars has two moons. Phobos and Deimos. Phobos and Deimos names originated from Greek mythology.
Earth is bigger than Mars and has a mass of 5.972 x 10^24 kg & radius of 3.958.8 miles compared to Mars, which has a mass of 6.39 x 10^ 23 kg with a radius of 2,106.1 miles.
The Red Planets name originated from Roman mythology.
Why has NASA not gone to Mars?
In the 1980s we could have gone to Mars. But we didn't. We haven't gone to Mars due to politics. Every time a new president is elected, NASA gets a bigger or smaller budget. Making it very hard to be efficient.
Who will go to Mars first?
The first mission that sends man to Mar will like to be completed by the private sector. SpaceX will likely do the first Mars mission. But who knows? Maybe NASA will be the first.
Humans shouldn't go to Mars
- Mars is a frigid radioactive wasteland.
- Mars is 96% carbon dioxide.
- The gravity is 62% lower than Earths. This low gravity will result in bone issues
- Oh yeah, and of course the mental health risks astronauts will potentially face.
P.S. All the articles are updated once a month. So check out some of our old blogs!