Interesting Facts About Saturn

Saturn 

Saturn is the second biggest planet in our solar system. Saturn is 10x wider than Earth.

Despite the size of Saturn, Saturn is the lightest planet in the solar system. This is due to Saturn primarily formed from hydrogen and helium.

Due to these elements, Saturn is less dense than water. Meaning if you could put Saturn on a giant body of, reservoir it would float. 

interesting facts about Saturn

Saturn & The Name

Saturn received its name from the god of agriculture, Saturnus.

According to Roman mythology, Saturn introduced agriculture to his people by teaching them how to farm.

Saturnus's parents were Uranus and Gaia. Saturnus was the Father of Jupiter. 

Saturnus god

Saturn's Rings

The rings of Saturn are about 4.5 Earth-wide. The rings are mostly composed of remnants of comments, asteroids, and moons.

Some objects in the rings are big as mountains. However, most of Saturn's rings consist of dust and small space objects.

Even though the rings of Saturn have a massive diameter, they are less than a mile thick.

Saturn's ring shape 

Saturn maintains a perfect ring because the planet has shepherding moons. According to the google dictionary, "A shepherd moon is when a small moon is orbiting close to a planetary ring and whose gravitational field confines the ring within a narrow band."  

Saturn‘s rings are separated

Saturn has seven rings. The rings have been organized in alphabetical order, going from A-G. A being the first rings discovered G the last (discovery alphabetic order).

The main rings are A, B, and C. The fainter rings are D, E, F, and G. Different rings also travel at different speeds. The gap that separates rings A & B is called the Cassini divisional. The gap between A & B is 2,920 miles wide.

Saturns Magnetic Field

Science magnetic field is 578 times stronger than earths.  

Life on Saturn 

Life on Saturn isn’t possible as we know it. But it is possible that life could’ve been on Titan, which is one of Saturn's moons. It is believe the titan has water underneath the surface. Titans is also larger than mercury. Titan is the largest moon of Saturn. 

titan

Saturn has 53 Moons 

Saturn has 53 moons and 29 moons awaiting confirmation.

Weather on Saturn 

If you are afraid of tornadoes, then make sure you never go near Saturn. Winds near the equator can be 1,118 miles per hour. The fastest wins on Earth are only 250 miles per hour. 

Saturn's Revolution 

The Revolution of Saturn is very slow. For one, revolution to be complete takes 29 earth years, Saturn is orbiting the sun 21,637 miles per hour. 

 

In the average person's lifetime, Saturn will complete roughly 2.5 revolutions around the sun. That's one revolution every 10,755.7 Earth days. 

This is kind of ironic because a day on Saturday is 10 hours and 14 minutes. Which is pretty fast.

Saturn's Layers 

On Saturn, the closer you travel to the center, the more pressure increases. 

The planet Saturn contains three layers. The upper layers of ammonia ice have Temperatures -280°F to -170°F. The next layer contains water ice. Temperatures range from -125°F to 26°F. Temperatures in the lower layers can be miserable averaging 134°F.

Heating Sources 

Even though Saturn is a Jovian Planet, it contains a rocky core. The core is covered; by liquid metallic hydrogen. As you move away from the core the liquid hydrogen becomes less metallic and more gaseous.  

 

Due to Saturn being so far away from the sun, Saturn has to heat itself. The inside temperatures can be as high as 21,000°F. 

Saturn radiates to times as much heat in the space as it receives from the sun. Much of the heat occurs by gravitational compression.

 

Conclusion

  • Saturn is 10x wider than Earth.
  • Saturn is the lightest planet in the solar system.
  • Saturn received its name from the god of agriculture, Saturnus.
  • The rings of Saturn are about 4.5 Earth-wide
  • Saturn maintains a perfect ring because the planet has shepherding moons.
  • Saturn has seven rings. 
  • Life on Saturn isn’t possible as we know it.
  • Winds near the equator can be 1,118 miles per hour.

 

 

Sources: 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epZdZaEQhS0

https://www.space.com/18473-saturn-temperature.html

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/saturn/in-depth/#:~:text=Saturn's%20rings%20are%20thought%20to,another%20material%20such%20as%20dust.

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